• The early origin of the Chihuahua is controversial. One theory holds that it originated in Central and South America, descending from a small dog, the Techichi, which was used as a religious sacrifice and even food. The other theory holds it descends from small Chinese dogs brought to Central America by Spanish traders.
  • The recorded history of the Chihuahua begins in 1850, when three tiny dogs were brought to the United States from Chihuahua, Mexico.
  • More dogs followed. They were called by many names, including Arizona Dogs, Texas Dogs, Mexican Dogs, or even Chihuahua terriers, but the simple name Chihuahua stuck.
  • In the late 1800s, a troupe of trick Chihuahuas made the rounds with performer Rosalina Casselli.
  • The AKC recognized the breed in 1904. The first registered Chihuahua was a smooth coat named Midget.
  • The dogs aroused only moderate interest until Xavier Cugat, the rumba king, made his smooth Chihuahuas his constant companions in public appearances, movies, and later, his weekly television show.
  • By 1964, the Chihuahua had become the third most popular breed in America.
  • The Chihuahua has consistently remained one of America's top breeds since then, currently ranking 11th in AKC popularity.
Chihuahua Smooth Coat Behavior Concerns
  • Makes both a devoted lap dog and saucy playmate.
  • Fairly playful with family children, but children must be supervised because they could easily hurt such a small dog.
  • Tends to be a one-person, or at most, one-family dog.
  • Reserved toward strangers. Early socialization so that it willingly accepts new people is important.
  • Good with other dogs and pets, but can foolishly challenge larger strange dogs.
  • Some can be overly bold, while others can be overly timid.
  • Learns quickly, but tends to have a stubborn streak.
  • Does not do well with force-based training methods, but is very good with reward-based training involving food.
  • Housetraining can be more challenging than with many other breeds.
Chihuahua Smooth Coat Suggested Exercises
  • Makes a lively and alert housedog.
  • Although many of its physical exercise needs can be met with indoor games, it still needs the mental stimulation of walking and sniffing outdoors.
  • A walk around the block once or twice daily will meet its outdoor needs, not counting bathroom breaks. Many Chihuahuas can be trained to use indoor potty systems.
  • Dog parks are not generally a good idea unless only small dogs are allowed together.
  • Games and tricks provide needed mental exercise.
  • Excursions in a doggy purse can provide supplemental entertainment.
  • Chihuahuas can swim, but most aren't crazy about it. They can, however, use a kiddy pool as a swimming pool.
  • Chihuahuas hate the cold. Because of their small size, they lose body heat rapidly.
Chihuahua Smooth Coat Grooming
  • Coat is short, soft, and glossy.
  • Brushing once a week will remove dead hair.
  • Shedding is average.
  • The breed is prone to periodontal problems, which can be prevented in large part by regular tooth brushing.
Suggested Chihuahua Smooth Coat Nutritional Needs
  • Chihuahuas have a tendency to become obese.
  • Adult dogs should be fed a balanced diet, with restricted calories if the dog starts to gain too much weight.
  • Remember, it does not take much food to feed such a small dog, and small snacks can easily add too many calories.
  • Chihuahua puppies should be fed often to prevent hypoglycemia, a serious condition to which very small puppies are prone. Frequent small meals of high protein, fat, and complex carbohydrates may help guard against this condition.

Chihuahua Smooth Coat

Chihuahua Smooth Coat dog breed picture
14 - 18 years
6 - 9 inches
6 - 6 pounds
Chihuahua Smooth Coat Traits
  • Jogging Partner
    out of 5
  • Lap Dog
    3 out of 5
  • Good With Children
    2 out of 5
  • Warm Weather
    4 out of 5
  • Cold Weather
    1 out of 5
  • Grooming Requirements
    1 out of 5
  • Shedding
    3 out of 5
  • Barking
    3 out of 5
  • Ease Of Training
    2 out of 5